Organ transplantation has attained adulthood. For many years, it was considered a treatment in the absence of any alternative or a treatment of last resort, involving the terrifying privilege of offering possible survival to patients whose condition was so
severe as to condemn them to certain death – heart transplantation in particular – or to a lifetime of replacement therapy for a defective organ – dialysis in patients with renal failure.

Offering a patient an “organ graft”, to use the lay terminology, was rather like a game of “Russian roulette” for the patients concerned. Moreover, the spirit of sacrifice of an organ donation involved considerable ambiguity: the organ donor feeling
exalted by his generosity and altruism, whereas the family of a deceased patient often tended to oppose donations which were viewed as mutilation and as evidence of a lack of respect for the corpse of the beloved.

Fortunately, the situation has progressed and although the problem of organ donations is still, alas, a topical one, the technique of kidney, heart and liver transplantations is now fully mastered and the indication has become commonplace. It is for this reason that the scientific council of the Servier Institute decided, in a necessarily draconian choice, not to include the study of these three organs in the subject of Current Topics and Future Prospects in Transplantation so as not to prolong unnecessarily a conference that already extends over a day and a half.

Summary

Introduction
Pierre Godeau

First Section: Immune Tolerance

Immune tolerance in transplantation: myth or reality?
Lucienne Chatenoud

New immunosuppressant treatments
Christophe Legendre

Second Section: Oncological Risks

Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders
Véronique Leblond, Sylvain Choquet

Skin cancers after organ transplantation
Camille Francès

Third Section: Prospects
Cell therapy, from basic research to clinical trials in Huntington’s disease
Marc Peschanski

Embryonic stem cells and cardiac cell therapy
Marisa Jaconi, Esther Bettiol

Xenotransplantation: How close are we from clinical application?
Emanuele Cozzi, Jean-Paul Soulillou

Composite tissue grafts
Jean-Michel Dubernard, Gabriel Burloux, Emmanuel Morelon, Alain Gazarian Danièle Bachmann, Sylvie Testelin, Lionel Badet, Benoît Lengele, Angela Sirigu, Sophie Cremades, Camille Francès, Xavier Martin, Bernard Devauchelle

Panel

How to increase organ grafts in France?
Philippe Tuppin, Bernard Loty

My body, my death and others
Janine Chanteur

Psychological consequences of transplantations
Silla M. Consoli

Hand and face transplants
Gabriel Burloux

Organizer
Pr Camille Frances
Authors
Danièle Bachmann, Lionel Badet, Esther Bettiol, Gabriel Burloux, Janine Chanteur, Lucienne Chatenoud, Sylvain Choquet, Silla M. Consoli, Emanuele Cozzi, Sophie Cremades, Bernard Devauchelle, Jean-Michel Dubernard, Camille Frances, Alain Gazarian, Pierre Godeau, Marisa Jaconi, Véronique Leblond, Benoît Lengele, Christophe Legendre, Bernard Loty, Xavier Martin, Emmanuel Morelon, Marc Peschanski, Angela Sirigu, Jean-Paul Soulillou, Sylvie Testelin, Philippe Tuppin
Organizer
Pr Camille Frances
Authors
Danièle Bachmann, Lionel Badet, Esther Bettiol, Gabriel Burloux, Janine Chanteur, Lucienne Chatenoud, Sylvain Choquet, Silla M. Consoli, Emanuele Cozzi, Sophie Cremades, Bernard Devauchelle, Jean-Michel Dubernard, Camille Frances, Alain Gazarian, Pierre Godeau, Marisa Jaconi, Véronique Leblond, Benoît Lengele, Christophe Legendre, Bernard Loty, Xavier Martin, Emmanuel Morelon, Marc Peschanski, Angela Sirigu, Jean-Paul Soulillou, Sylvie Testelin, Philippe Tuppin
Category
Transplantation
Publication type
Proceedings
Year
2006
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